Sanjivini Hospital

Everything You Need to Know for Conceiving and Planning for Pregnancy

Everything You Need to Know for Conceiving and Planning for Pregnancy

Medically Reviewed by: Dr. Swati Singh MBBS, MS (Obs & Gynae), FMAS, DMAS, FIART, CIMP, DCG

Every new phase in life needs planning and when it is about family planning, many things must be taken care of, from financial situations to health. Sanjivini Super Specialty Hospital, Lucknow has the best gynecologists, and this article provides a complete guide to a healthy pregnancy.

Conceiving and planning for pregnancy is a significant and exciting phase in a couple’s life. It involves various physical, emotional, and lifestyle preparations to ensure a healthy start for both the mother and the baby. This comprehensive guide by Sanjivini provides essential steps and considerations to help couples navigate this important journey effectively & smoothly.

Step I: Preconception Health

Before attempting to conceive a child, focusing on the preconception of health for both partners is crucial. This involves several key steps:

1. Regular check-ups:

Schedule a preconception appointment with the best healthcare provider at Sanjivini Super Specialty Hospital, Lucknow. This visit will help identify any underlying health conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, hypo or hyperthyroidism which could affect pregnancy. The doctor might also review the vaccination history and recommend any necessary ones.

2. Counseling for Genetic Disorders:

If there is any family history of genetic disorders, genetic counseling can be considered at Sanjivini. This can provide insight into any potential genetic risks and guide the to-be parents in making informed decisions regarding their pregnancy journey.

3. Supplementations:

Women may start taking folic acid supplements upon consultation with the best gynecologist in Lucknow. It can be taken at least 3 months prior to trying to conceive. Folic acid reduces the risk of neural tube defects in the developing fetus. The recommended dose is 400 to 800 micrograms, everyday. (5mg/day)

4. Achieving a Healthy Weight:

Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for fertility and pregnancy health. Not having a normal weight can affect hormonal balance and ovulation. A balanced diet and regular exercise can help attain a healthy weight and ease the conceiving and pregnancy phases as well.

5. Modifying Lifestyle:

Both to-be parents should avoid smoking, alcohol, and recreational drugs, as these can impair fertility and harm the fetus. Women should limit caffeine intake to moderate levels. Additionally, managing stress through relaxation techniques, such as yoga and meditation, can also prove to be beneficial.

Step II: Understanding the Cycle

Understanding the menstrual cycle is vital for identifying the most fertile days for women. A typical menstrual cycle is about 21-35 days, but it can vary from woman to woman. The key phases include:

1. Menstrual Phase:

The first day of menstruation marks the beginning of a woman’s cycle.

2. Follicular Phase:

This phase starts on the first day of menstruation or period and ends with ovulation. During this phase, the body prepares an egg to be fertilized.

3. Ovulation:

Ovulation typically occurs around the 14th day of a 28-day cycle. This is when the ovary releases an egg, and it is the most fertile period to conceive.

4. Luteal Phase:

This phase follows ovulation and lasts until the start of the next menstrual period. If the egg gets fertilized, it implants in the uterine lining during this phase.

Step III: Timing Intercourse

To increase the chances of conception, it’s essential to time intercourse around the ovulation period, as it is the most fertile phase to conceive. The following are some methods to detect the ovulation phase:

1. Ovulation Predictor Kits:

These kits detect the surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) that occurs before ovulation and indicate if the woman is ovulating or not.

2. The Basal Body Temperature (BBT):

Tracking BBT involves measuring the body temperature each morning before getting out of bed. A slight increase in BBT indicates that the ovulation phase has begun.

3. Monitoring Cervical Discharge:

Changes in cervical mucus can indicate ovulation too. This is the easiest way to know if the woman is ovulating.  Fertile cervical mucus is clear, stretchy, and resembles egg whites, which indicates the ovulation phase.

Step IV: Nutrition and Diet

A balanced diet that is rich in essential nutrients supports fertility and prepares the body for pregnancy. Key dietary considerations include:

1. Fruits and Vegetables:

Consume a variety of fruits and vegetables to ensure adequate intake of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

2. Whole Grains:

Include whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat into the diet for sustained energy and fiber.

3. Protein:

Including lean protein sources such as poultry, fish, beans, and nuts in the diet helps make the muscles become stronger, which helps conceive, bear the child, and deliver.

4. Dairy:

Moms-to-be need stronger muscles as well as bones! Low-fat dairy products provide calcium and vitamin D, which are extremely essential for bone health.

5. Hydration:

Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, which is crucial for overall health and reproductive function.

Step V: Emotional Preparation

Preparing for pregnancy also involves addressing the mental and emotional well-being of both parents:

1. Support System:

Build a strong support system of family, friends, and the best gynecologist in Lucknow at Sanjivini. Emotional support is vital during the conception journey.

2. Counseling:

Consider counseling or therapy in case of any concerns or anxiety about conceiving and pregnancy. Mental health professionals can provide valuable coping strategies for every stage of your pregnancy journey.

3. Education:

Educating oneself about pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting is extremely beneficial in the long run. Attending prenatal classes and reading reliable sources can help prepare for the upcoming changes in life as well as the mother’s body.

Step VI: Financial Planning

In modern times, economic independence and budgeting are very important before starting a family. Planning for a baby includes considering these financial aspects:

1. Budgeting:

Create a budget to account for prenatal care, delivery costs, and baby essentials such as clothing, diapers, and nursery items in the preparing to conceive phase.

2. Insurance:

Review the health insurance policy to understand the coverage for prenatal care, delivery, and pediatric care. Ensuring adequate coverage can help you lighten up the burden for the same.

3. Savings: 

Start saving for future expenses, including childcare, education, and healthcare for the whole family.


Conceiving and planning for pregnancy is a multifaceted process that involves physical, emotional, and financial preparation. By focusing on preconception health, understanding the menstrual cycle, timing intercourse, maintaining a balanced diet, addressing mental well-being, and planning financially, couples can increase their chances of a healthy pregnancy and a positive experience. This comprehensive approach ensures that both the mother and the baby are well-prepared for the journey ahead.

Looking for the best gynecologist in Lucknow? Look no further! At Sanjivini Super Speciality Hospital, Dr. Swati is here to provide expert consultation tailored to your needs. Book your appointment now for comprehensive and compassionate care.

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